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Shipping Glossary



Accessorial Charges

Charges made for performing services beyond normal pickup and delivery such as inside delivery or liftgate.

Air Freight Forwarder

An air freight forwarder provides pickup and delivery service under its own tariff, consolidates shipments into larger units, prepares shipping documentation and tenders shipments to the airlines. Air freight forwarders do not generally operate their own aircraft and may therefore be called "indirect air carriers." Because the air freight forwarder tenders the shipment, the airlines consider the forwarder to be the shipper.

Arrival Notification

When the carrier notifies the consignee (receiver) of a scheduled delivery date and time. Arrival notification is an accessorial service provided for an additional fee.

BOL (Bill of Lading)

A document that establishes the terms and conditions of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company. It serves as a contract of carriage and a receipt for goods. The BOL is provided by the shipping company to the shipper and should be given to the driver upon freight pick up.

Broker

A broker is an independent contractor paid to arrange motor carrier transportation. A broker may work on the carrier or shipper's behalf.

Carrier

Another name for the trucking company who transports freight.

Cartage Agent

A carrier who performs pickup or delivery services for NET in most major markets.

Claim

Cargo: A “Cargo Claim” is a demand made on a transportation company for payment for goods allegedly lost or damaged while the shipment was in the transportation provider's possession. Per NET terms and conditions claims must be reported by the shipper within 7 business days after the shipment was delivered.

COD

A shipment for which the transportation provider is responsible for collecting the sale price of the goods shipped before delivery.

Commodity

Any article of commerce. Goods shipped.

Common Carrier

Company that provides transportation services to the public in return for compensation.

Consignee

The person or company receiving the shipment.

Consignor

The person or company shipping the shipment.

Blind Shipment

When the customer has contracted with the carrier so that the shipper or consignee information is not given. This keeps the origin location and receiving destination unaware of each other and provides two separate Bills of Lading in which both show the carrier's terminal as the shipper and the receiver.

Dimensional Weight

L x W x H = cubic feet divided by 194 or 250 for domestic and 166 for international

Flatbed

A semi trailer with no sides and with the floor of the unit a standard height from the ground.

Freight Class

Refers to the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) and it is the category of your freight as defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). Your shipment's freight class determines the carrier's shipping charges. It identifies the size, value and difficulty of transporting your freight.

Freight Forwarder

A freight forwarder combines less-than-truckload (LTL) or less-than-carload (LCL) shipments into carload or truckload lots. Freight forwarders are designated as common carriers. They also issue bills of lading and accept responsibility for goods. The term may also refer to the company that fills railroad trains with trailers.

FTL – Full Truckload

FTL stands for Full Truck Load and refers to any shipment that takes up all or almost all of the truck's space. A FTL shipment can range from 5000 lbs and up, although some FTL carriers have a minimum weight requirement of 10,000 lbs or more. There are 2 types of FTL shipments: Full Loads, which completely fill the entire truck and Partial Loads, which almost fill the entire truck.

Fuel Surcharge

An extra charge imposed by the carriers due to the excessive costs for diesel gas. The charge is a % based upon the U.S. National Average Diesel Fuel Index. The fuel surcharge will remain in effect as long as the U.S National Average Diesel Fuel index remains at or above $1.10 per gallon

GAD Weight

Greater of Actual of Dimensional Weight

Hazardous Material

Hazardous materials are defined by the US Dept of Trans in accordance with the Federal Hazardous Material Law. A substance or material may be designated as hazardous if the transportation of the material in a particular amount and form poses an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property. Hazardous material may include: an explosive, radioactive material, etiologic agent, flammable or combustible liquid or solid, poison, oxidizing or corrosive material, and compressed gas. For more general information, go to the U.S. DOT website at http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat.

In bond

Shipments move under bond from point of entry to an interior U.S. destination for clearance or to another border location for clearance.

Intermodal

Shipment moves by more than one mode of transportation (ground, air, rail or ocean).

Inside Pickup and Inside Delivery

If the driver is required to go inside (beyond the front door or loading dock), to pick up or deliver your shipment, instead of remaining at the dock or truck, additional fees will be charged. When obtaining quotes through our system, check off inside pick up and or inside delivery and the carrier's fee will be included in your quotes.

Liftgate service

When the shipping or receiving address does not have a loading dock, manual loading or unloading is necessary. A liftgate is a platform at the back of certain trucks that can raise and lower a shipment from the ground to the truck. Additional fees apply for this service.

LTL – Less than Truckload

LTL stands for Less Than Truckload, which means the shipment does not completely fill an entire truck. A LTL shipment typically ranges anywhere from 150 lbs to10,000 lbs. Large Shipments over 10,000 lbs are usually moved by Full truckload (FTL). 

Linehaul

Movement of goods between cities or between YRC Freight service centers, particularly between origin service center and destination service center (excluding pickup and delivery service).

NMFC Number

This is the item number that specifically identifies each type of product that can be shipped by a LTL carrier. The National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) assigns NMFC item #'s to all products along with a freight class. The NMFC # identifies what you are shipping and it's freight class.

NVOCC

A type of ocean freight forwarder. NVOCCs books space in large quantities for a reduced rate, then sell space to shippers in lesser amounts. NVOCCs consolidate smaller shipments into a container load that ships under one bill of lading.

PRO Number

A number assigned by the carrier to reference your shipment. It is also used for tracking your shipment.

Redelivery or Reconsignment Fee

After a failed delivery attempt, the carrier will assess a fee for having to deliver the freight again. This fee is usually based on weight with a minimum charge.

Reefer

A reefer is a refrigerated trailer with insulated walls and a self powered refrigeration unit, most commonly used for transporting food.

Residential Delivery

Carriers defines a business zone as a location that opens and closes to the public at set times every day. If you are a business located in a residential zone, (among personal homes or dwellings) or are shipping to or from a residence, the carrier may charge an additional residential fee. When obtaining quotes through our system, select "residence" for location type and the carrier's residential fee will be included in your quotes.

Reweigh and Inspection Fee

If the carrier suspects that the weight or class of your shipment is inaccurate, they will charge a fee to reweigh and re-class your shipment.

Third Party Shipments

A shipment in which the person who arranges the shipment is neither the originating nor the receiving destination. The third party makes the arrangements for the shipper and receiver.

UN Number

An internationally accepted 4-digit number used to identify hazardous material.